"KILLING FOR SPORT"
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TROPHY HUNTING IS A GLOBAL BUSINESS
HSI (Humane Society International Canada) & HSUS(Humane Society of the United States)
Humane Society International (HSI)
This report debunks inflated claims that trophy hunting is a critical contributor to African economies and jobs. In eight key African countries, trophy hunters contribute at most 0.03 percent of gross domestic product (GDP) and at most 0.76 percent of overall tourism jobs. It also proves that the non-hunting tourism industry has a much brighter future in Africa.
This report reveals that American hunters imported more than 1.2 million animals — more than 126,000 a year — as hunting trophies from across the world between 2005 and 2014. The top two source countries were Canada and South Africa. Of the 1.2 million, the U.S. imported 5,600 African lions, 4,600 African elephants, 4,500 African leopards, 330 southern white rhinos and 17,200 African buffalo.
This report analyzes literature on the economics of trophy hunting and reveals that African countries and rural communities derive very little benefit from trophy hunting revenue.
This report reveals that a hunting membership group, Safari Club International (SCI), promotes the senseless slaughter of wildlife for sport by offering its members the opportunity to compete to win nearly 50 awards for killing elephants, lions, rhinos, leopards, bears, ringed-horn antelopes, wild sheep, ibex, moose, and many other animals around the world.
KILLING METHODS ARE CRUEL AND UNSPORTING
HUMANE SOCIETY OF THE UNITED STATES (HSUS)
Trophy hunting relies heavily on the most unfair, cruel methods including baiting, hounding, trapping, and captive hunts. These methods violate the tradition of fair-chase hunting and give human hunters, who already have the edge over their quarry, additional advantages to increase the hunters’ changes of collecting their trophies.
Baiting involves intensive feeding of wild animals to make them easy targets for trophy hunters waiting in a nearby blind. Bait is often placed by professional guides so they can assure their paying customers a guaranteed kill.
Hounding involves hunters and guides using packs of radio-collared hounds to pursue targeted trophy animals until the exhausted, frightened animals seek refuge in a tree, where they are shot, or turn to fight the hounds. Hounding results in injuries or death to both targeted trophy animals (particularly to bear cubs, cougar kittens and yearling wolf pups) and dogs and leaves vulnerable orphan young.
Trapping involves setting traps or snares that hold trophy animals until shot. Targeted trophy animals as well as family pets and other non-target animals languish in these devices for hours and even days, sometimes suffering broken limbs or other painful injuries, dehydration, starvation and exposure until they are killed.
Semi-tame, captive-bred animals desired because of their rarity in the wild or their large antlers or horns are shot with guns or arrows inside fenced enclosures. These captive hunts, also known as “canned hunts,” are the very opposite of fair chase. Shooters at captive hunts pay to kill animals—even endangered species—trapped behind fences. There are more than a thousand captive hunts in the US alone.
BC NDP announces policy to ban trophy hunting of grizzlies
Humane Society International/Canada applauds the decision, calls on all parties to follow suit Humane Society International/Canada
BC has 57 grizzly population units, and nine of them are listed as threatened.
As part of its 2017 election platform, the New Democratic Party of British Columbia has pledged to ban all trophy hunting of grizzly bears in the province. Humane Society International/Canada is praising the new policy, and is calling on all major parties in the province to include similar policies in their platforms.
Gabriel Wildgen, campaign manager with Humane Society International/Canada, said: “Should this policy be implemented, it would be a historic victory for grizzly bears in the province. Grizzlies are highly intelligent, social creatures that play an important role in maintaining balance in British Columbia’s ecosystems. Most of us have seen the videos of grizzly bears suffering at the hands of trophy hunters, and it’s heartening to know that more than 90 percent of BC residents—including Coastal First Nations—oppose this kind of cruelty. These majestic animals deserve our full protection, especially since they are already struggling to survive habitat disruption and loss. This is why it is imperative for all parties to get behind a grizzly hunt ban.”
John Horgan, New Democrat leader, said: “Almost half of Canada’s grizzlies are right here in BC, and these bears are worth far more to the province’s economy alive than dead. The NDP is proud to announce this new policy that will end trophy hunting of grizzlies across the province, and we are confident that the vast majority of BC residents will be just as proud to see it implemented.” LUSH Video. against Grizzly Trophy Hunting (powerful)
After hunters shoot them, grizzly bears often suffer for hours before they die, sometimes with multiple wounds. Wounded grizzlies who are not found may end up suffering for much longer—potentially days, weeks or even years.
Bears are highly vulnerable to population decline, given that half of bear cubs die within the first year. Roads, railroads and land use developments also make it difficult for adult males to find and mate with female bears.
A 2013 scientific report found that trophy hunting may be causing declines in bear populations, and that hunters were exceeding government quotas in half of the populations studied.
Further independent studies have found that government estimates of bear populations in BC are inaccurately high, and in reality populations are too low to sustain current hunting levels.
BC has 57 grizzly population units, and nine of them are listed as threatened.
A 2012 study by Center for Responsible Travel and Stanford University found that bear-viewing businesses in BC’s Great Bear Rain-forest generated 12 times more visitor spending than bear hunting.
Gunning wolves from helicopters and using strangling snares on the ground have been the main tools used in an experiment to recover caribou herds protected by federal law. These herds were pushed to the brink of extinction not because of wolves, but due to continued destruction and fragmentation of their habitat by logging, resource extraction and motorized recreation.
Chris Genovali, executive director of Raincoast Conservation Foundation, said: “Those involved in planning the expanded wolf and cougar kill disregard the considerable damage that scientists understand happens in ecosystems when top predators are removed, and callously exhibit an indifference to the suffering experienced by wolf families as pack members are killed.
The reintroduction of wolves to Yellowstone has attracted 150,000 new visitors each year, adding $35-million to the local economy annually through eco-tours.
Wolves and coyotes both play hugely important roles in their ecosystems. When they are killed, negative repercussions on many other species and ecosystem processes often ensue.
Snaring is the cruelest method of trapping. Trophy hunters will not kill it by shooting the struggling wolf it in the head, as they don't want to ruin their "Trophy ", often times wolves die a slow tortuous and agonizing horrible death. All about snaring.(warning graphic images)
A debate about the ethics of hunting wolves in the Northern Rocky Mountains has taken a threatening turn after gruesome images of the animals, dead and maimed by traps, swept the internet.The FBI is investigating a report of an anonymous email received by anti-trapping group Footloose Montana warning advocates will 'be the target next'. Cruelty in its purest form. Its no wonder why animals advocates single them out.
Disrupting the social structure of wolf or coyote families through over hunting and trapping has been shown to lead to increased conflicts with humans, wildlife and livestock.
When wolves return to a region, they can alter the population, distribution, and behavior of their prey, which impacts the other creatures living there—plant and animal—and in doing so they change the landscape itself.
Research has made clear that when one element of an ecosystem is altered, the cumulative effects of the change may not be immediately apparent, but they can be far-reaching and profound. From the smallest organisms to the largest, and all the natural forces that shape their world, everything is connected.
(BORN FREE FOUNDATION)
Lions are iconic emblems of Africa’s wildlife. However, a new study has detailed alarming declines in lion populations across most of the continent, prompting calls for urgent action.
Lions are in decline everywhere except in four countries in southern Africa (South Africa, Namibia, Botswana and Zimbabwe). Across West and Central Africa, lion populations have fallen by at least 50% over two decades. Similar declines are also thought to have taken place in East Africa, a region long considered a stronghold for lions. The researchers predict that unless urgent conservation measures are taken, a further 50% decline is likely across these regions over the next two decades.
The research, published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS), analysed the populations in 47 well-monitored lion populations, and used the data to estimate trends across the continent. The results make for sobering reading.
West Africa’s lions have been reclassified as ‘critically endangered’ as a result of this research. The researchers also found that Central and East Africa’s lions should be considered ‘endangered’. The increases in lion populations in four southern African countries have been attributed to the proliferation of reintroduced lions in small, fenced, intensively managed reserves. The researchers suggest that, without urgent action, the survival of the species will increasingly rely on these intensive management systems, and that lions may cease to be a flagship species across the natural ecosystems making up the rest of the continent, with knock-on effects for all kinds of other species.
Born Free’s CEO Adam Roberts said: “Africa without its iconic lions is unthinkable. Yet this is fast becoming a reality across much of the continent. It’s high time the international community woke up to the fact that, without concerted action and investment, lions will soon disappear altogether from many regions, and future generations will only be able to see lions in a few intensively managed reserves. We have to act now to reverse this catastrophic situation.”
The researchers, led by Dr Hans Bauer whose work is supported by the Born Free Foundation, identified human population growth, reductions in prey abundance in part caused by the increasing commercial trade in bush meat, and a lack of funding for conservation areas and national parks across much of Africa, as major reasons behind the declines. Increasing international trade in lion products, and unsustainable trophy hunting in some countries, are also thought to have had an impact.
Dr Bauer summed up the crisis: “What’s at stake is the presence of lions across 95% of their original range, the lion as a symbol of Africa, the lion showing its versatility and adaptability in an extremely wide range of habitats that it once roamed, as a functional part of ecosystems in virtually all African countries.”
The death of one lion is not just the death of one lion — it is a cascade and has consequences. When a male lion has been hunted and killed, another male lion will take over his pride and lead to the killing of the previous leader's children to assert his dominance as well as eliminate any possible competition.
Some African countries intentionally surpass their quotas, and operators that practice “put-and-take hunting,” which is where trophy animals are released onto a fenced-in property just before a hunt.
Trophy Hunters tend to target the largest male lions, not the older non-breeding male.
Natural Resources' Democratic staff concluded that there is little evidence that trophy hunting has benefited the survival of lions, rhinos, leopards, and elephants in Tanzania, Zimbabwe, and South Africa.