CANADA

tROPHY huNTING

 

Gross Import Canada is mainly an exporting country, importing 52 times less than it exports. Of the top 20 countries that import hunting trophies, Canada has an average rank of 12.3 from the years 2004 to 2013.

 

EXPORTED SPECIES: Not only does Canada export more hunting trophies than it imports, it has the highest hunted trophy exports from threatened taxa from 2004–2011. During this period, Canada had a gross export of 68,899 hunted trophies, or an average of 6,263.5 per year. The top 10 exported hunting trophies were (in descending order) the American black bear, timber wolf, grizzly bear, cougar, polar bear, Canadian lynx, narwhal, bobcat, and the walrus. The American black bear was traded more than 7 times more than the next most exported threatened taxon, the timber wolf.The most common threatened taxa trophy hunt trade between nations is the trade from Canada to the US.

 

Trophy hunting occurs widely within Canada. The overall trophy hunting industry is estimated to have an annual economic impact of $1 billion.  There has been an increase in British Columbia hunting licenses for grizzly bears and black bears over the last ten years. According to information gathered from a freedom of information request, the B.C. Ministry of Forests, Lands, and Natural Resource Operations issued 1,699 resident hunting licenses for grizzly bears in the 2013–2014 hunting season, or 58 percent more since the 2005–2006 hunting season. British Columbia has seen a similar upward trend with black-bear hunting 21,836 black bear licenses allotted in 2013–2014, 52 percent more than from 2005–2006.  And although trophy hunting in Canada is widespread, there is also considerable opposition to it from Canadian citizens. A 2015 poll found that 91 percent of British Columbians and 84% of Albertans were opposed to trophy hunting. 

Top 20 threatened taxa for imported hunting trophies (2004 to 2014) to Canada Leopard, Panther, African Elephant, African Savannah Elephant ,Brown Bear, Grizzly Bear Argali, Asian Wild Sheep, Marco Polo Sheep Cheetah, Hunting Leopard Lion Chacma Baboon, Hartmann’s Mountain Zebra ,American Black Bear African Caracal, Asian Caracal, Caracal, Desert Lynx Sahara Oryx, Scimitar-horned Oryx, White Oryx Blackbuck, Sasin Cougar, Deer Tiger, Mountain Lion, Puma, Red Tiger, African Crocodile, Nile Crocodile Hippopotamus, Large Hippo Wildcat, Wild Cat, Lechwe ,Common Wolf, Grey Wolf, Timber Wolf, Wolf African Civet ,Grivet Monkey, Savanna Monkey.

Top 20 threatened taxa for exported hunting trophies (2004 to 2014) from Canada American Black Bear Common Wolf, Grey Wolf, Timber Wolf, Wolf Brown Bear, Grizzly Bear, Cougar, Deer Tiger, Mountain Lion, Puma, Red Tiger Polar Bear, American Lynx, Canada Lynx, Narwhal, Unicorn Whale Bay Lynx, Bobcat Walrus, North American Otter, North American River Otter, Northern River Eastern Cougar, Eastern Panther, Eastern Puma Lion, Great Horned Owl, Wood Bison, Argali, Asian Wild Sheep, Marco Polo Sheep, Great Grey Owl, Grey Owl, Lapland Owl, Lapp Owl, Otter Northern Saw-whet Owl, Saw-whet Owl, Sharp-shinned Hawk, Bison Hybrid.

POLAR BEARS  are  the fifth most exported taxon in Canada, can be legally hunted under co-management by various federal, provincial, territorial, and aboriginal management authorities.  An average of 573 polar bears were killed each year from 2006–2013.  Between 2005 and 2014, 667 polar bear hides and 564 skulls were exported from Canada as hunting trophies.  The hunting of denning bears or females with cubs is illegal.

IFAW: AN ANALYSIS OF GLOBAL TROPHY HUNTING TRADE